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Anker-Record (35)
A Berlin company that produced records and gramophones. Its products appeared on the Russian gramophone market in 1910. Grammofonnij Mir (The Gramophone World) informed, that Anker-Record had recorded some actors of Russian opera: well-known baritone O.M.Kamionskiy, bass S.D.Varjagin , tenor A.Rozanov, singer M.A.Emskaya, and others. The quality of records was asserted as "good", but noted, that demand for them is low. Probably, that is why the Anker-Record had not a long activity... [more]
Apollo Record (13)
Warsaws branch of gramophone company Syrena Record, created in 1914 by Mr.Tempel, one of the brothers from well-known Tempels gramophone dynasty. There were at least two sizes of Apollo-Record discs: 5 and 10 inches (according to A.I Zhelezny also 7 inch, but such records were not yet met) though they used the same sizes of labels. The records characterized by more dense grooves made by very thin sapphire needle. The price varied from 8 to 12 kopecks per record. The branch located on... [more]
Bel Canto Record (15)
The German company that was founded by J.G.Murdoch in 1909. Besides Germany, the company imported records into United Kingdom and Russia. It had close relations with Dacapo-Record that was the major supplier of matrixes, however it made its own recordings too. The Russian State Archive of Sound Recordings (RGAFD) holds four records: V.Shuller (tenor) and V.Tauber (bass) duet sings excerpts from operas Faust (Gounod) and Martha (F. Von Flotoff), gypsy songs Distaff (Pryalochka) and... [more]
Gloria-Record (13)
Gnom Concert Record (432)
A small gramophone company which appeared in St.-Petersburg in 1911. The board and pressing plant located on 2 Karavannaya Street. The owner of the company was I.F.Zdanovich, the co-owner and sound expert A.L.Levin. The first records with Gnom Concert Record label appeared on sale by the end of 1911. The records quality was poor; the repertoir was limited to performances of minor actors. By the end of 1912 Gnom Record records disappeared from shops and never appeared again... [more]
Dacapo-Record (32)
Originally it was a German-only label, founded in 1907 in Berlin. Over the time, Dacapo spread out its activity on other countries, particularly Austro-Hungary, Britain (1910), and Russia. Russian repertoire was vast and interesting. Because of difficulties related to records import to Russia and associated with it duty expenses, Dacapo-Record in 1911 decided to join Moll, Fogt and Kibart company for united operations in Russia and transferred all Russian matrixes to the Aprelevkas factory Metropol-Record... [more]
Zarya Record (9)
Maison Fabricienne Industrielle et Commercielle Aron Biber located in Warsaw. Besides phonograph records, the company also manufactured several models of patented gramophones Zarya that were sold for 20 to 60 rubles. (See. Aron Biber Trade Catalog)

Following is the extract from the Catalog regarding phonograph records:

The Biber Company offers phonograph records in a special catalog... [more]
Zwukopis (66)
The small Petersburg factory "Zwukopis", was engaged in recording and manufacturing of phonograph records, and acted on Russian Grammophone market from 1911 to 1913. The company was owned by businessmen I.Mazel and S.Zhitlovsky; the main office located on 13 Voznesenski pr., St.-Petersburg. Originally they plan to name it Svetopis, the corresponding announce appeared in the Grammofonnij Mir (The Gramophone World) magazine in 1911, however it is unknown if any records... [more]
Melodia Record (43)
Melodia Record was the label of the Association of United Manufacturers, created in 1913 by the initiative of Russian Joint-stock Company of Gramophones (RAOG). It absorbed a few small companies like Zwukopis, and etc. After breaking out the WWI and occupation of Warsaw by Germans, Syrena-Record joined the association too, though it retained its own label... [more]
Parlophon (197)
Parlophone is a record label, founded in Germany 1896 by Carl Lindström (1869-1932), a Swedish inventor living in Berlin, it originally produced phonographs or gramophones with the brand names Parlograph and Parlophon and eventually began producing records as well. The trademark is not the British pound sign, but a German L, for Lindström. During the war, the Transoceanic Trading Company was set up in the Netherlands to look after its overseas assets. Parlophone established a master... [more]
Polyphon Record (19)
Polyphon Musikwerke was established by Gustave Brachhausen in 1887 in Leipzig, Germany. It was the world's largest manufacturer of disc music boxes; the period of greatest popularity was from 1895-1905. At one time the company employed over 1,000 people. In later years, it sold mechanical pianos, pneumatically-played pianos, and other musical automates, and also phonographs and records. The Company assisted in establishing the U.S "Regina Music Box Company"... [more]
Premier Record (30)
The board and the factory of Premier Record were based in Budapest. Managing Director was a certain Pete who also did recordings using special invented by himself membrane. The company acted in Russia from 1910 to 1911 and distributed its products on the southwest of Empire. The chief representative was a certain A.Kustsh... [more]
Rebikoff and Co. (12)
"More than hundred years ago in the Russian musical shops appeared on sale unusual form record players made by domestic company of V.I.Rebikoff. This company dared to challenge the foreign firms specialized on sales of phonograph records and devices for their playback"... [more]
Scala Record (18)
Austrian company Scala Record was named in honor of the famous La Scala Opera House in Milan, the façade of which is depicted on the label. The owner of Scala Record was Sigmund Weiss (Siegmund Weiß) whom we can consider as a pioneer of the Austrian recording industry. The company had close relationships with German Dacapo for which it made recordings in the Viennese concert hall and Italian Fonotipia that marketed it in England from 1911 to 1919. Unfortunately the Russian history... [more]
Sphinx Grand Record (14)
It was a small company founded in 1914 in Warsaw. The repertoire of Russian records was very limited. It ceased to exist in the beginning of 1915. [1]

Featured article:

A.Zhelezny. The Chronicle of the phonograph Comapny SPHINX RECORD in Russia 1914 1915.... [more]
Jumbo-Record (26)
The label was introduced by Carl Lindström group in 1907 in Germany for issuing cheap records from expensive masters of Fonotipia, Odeon, Beka, Favorite and several others. Soon after, in 1908, the British branch was established as well. The label was discontinued in Germany around 1910, where it was replaced by blue "Odeon" which even continued Jumbo's numerical series. In UK the Jumbo label survived beyond 1910; even after the Great War broke out in 1914 the British branch continued to press... [more]
Janus-Record (39)
Janus-Record records with double head of an Antique Roman god, a protector of gates and entrances, were manufactured by German company Vereignigte Schallplaten Werke Janus Minerva G.m.b.H. since 1906. It was a small gramophone enterprise located in Hannover on Limburgstrasse, 1. The enterprise had status of joint-stock company headed by Hermann Deutsch. In Russia, the company mentioned for the first time in 1907. In 1909 the company obtained patent application number 6,746 for improvements... [more]
International Extra Record (21)
It was Berlins gramophone company with branches in Petersburg and Kiev. The Kievs branch was later transformed into Extraphone... [more]

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