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Poliaphone-Record [Hits: 18058]  Discuss on forum [0]

Small phonograph company Poliakin & Sons operated from 1910 to 1914 [1]. The label began its activity in Berlin by issuing records with Russian repertoire using masters bought from German companies Stella, Beka and etc.

In the end of 1910 the company relocated to Odessa, where it built a small plant for manufacturing of phonographs and pressing of piratical records [2]. Judging by the existing copies of records, the company achieved certain perfection in the business of copying somebody elses records: on this record the own announcement is attached to the copied phonogram! One can make this conclusion after careful listening to the record: the announcement sounds indistinctly and faintly, while the orchestra sounds brightly and richly.

Supposedly, for achieving this goal they used a pantograph with attached to it mouthpiece. The process might work this way: first they started the recorder, then spoke necessary phrase into the mouthpiece, then without stopping started the playback of the original record. Since all records have more or less prolonged lead-in groove, there should be a lapse between the end of the phrase and the beginning of the actual sound this is exactly what we observe! Usually there is no such delay on the original recordings.

Using this hi-tech technology combined with social skills of Poliakin-senior explains the fact why all attempts of thieved artists to stop the illegal business ended up without success - wise Poliakin-senior befriended with local police as well as with fathers of the city, so they closed their eyes on all his pranks[3].

After passing of the Copyright Law in March 20, 1911, the company began making its own recording, mostly with folk music [2].

References:

1. P.Grunberg. The History of Gramophone in Russia., p.176
2. A.Zheleznyj. Our Friend a Record., p.81
3. A.Tikhonov. The unknown Centennial War. From the history of musical piracy in Russia. Part 3. (in Russian)
Poliaphone-Record (red) (30)
Poliaphone-Record (pink) (8)
Poliaphone-Record (orange) (2)
Poliaphone-Record (black) (3)
Poliaphone-Record (three angels) (2)
 
Cat No
(Mx/Ctr No)▲
TakeTitle Name (Composer)Artist(s), AccompanimentRec Date
Rec Place
Label(s)Order No
[xRef Nos]
Files
14065
RussianBaritone with Piano
Prince Eletzkys aria - I love you ( - ) (Opera Queen of Spades, act 2) (Pyotr Tchaikovsky, lyrics by Modest Tchaikovsky, based on: Alexander Pushkin: The story The Queen of Spades)
Alexander Bragin, acc. pianoPoliaphone-Record (pink)
P.-R. 5480
RussianSolo with Chor
The last day ( ), folk song
Russian Folk Choir of V. Varshavsky, Conductor Vasily S. VarshavskyPoliaphone-Record (pink)
28
RussianOrchestra
Soldier Life ( ), march
OrchestraPoliaphone-Record (red)
P.-R.321
(321)
RussianOrchestra
The Triumphal March ( ) (Opera Aida) (Giuseppe Verdi)
Poliaphone Company own OrchestraPoliaphone-Record (red)
P.-R. 5065
(556)
Russianbrass band
You Fell as the Victims (Funeral) ( ()), march song
Symphony Orchestra in BerlinPoliaphone-Record (red)
P.-R. 5001
(797)
Russianbrass band
Longing for Motherland ( ), march (F.E.Kroup, arr. V.Poliakin)
"Poliaphone" Orchestra (?)Poliaphone-Record (red)
R.P. 927
(927)
GermanBrass Orchestra
Forge in the Forest (Die Schmiede im Walde), character piece (Theodor Michaelis)
Extraphone Orchestra, Conductor I.F.SokolovSt.PetersburgPoliaphone-Record (red), Extraphone21752
R.P. 928
(928)
GermanBrass Orchestra
Mill in Schwarzwald (Die Mühle im Schwarzwald), character piece (Richard Eilenberg)
Poliaphone-Record (red)
P.R.-5042
(1016)
RussianOrchestra
España (), waltz (Emile Waldteufel)
Poliaphone OrchestraBerlinPoliaphone-Record (black)
5014
(1426)
RussianOrchestra
Expectation (), waltz (Herold L. Kitler)
Poliaphone Company OrchestraOdessaPoliaphone-Record (red)
5000
Russianbrass band
Longing for Motherland ( ), waltz (F.E.Kroup, arr. V.Poliakin)
"Poliaphone" Orchestra (?)OdessaPoliaphone-Record (red)
P.-R. 5000
(5000)
Russianbrass band
Longing for Motherland ( ), waltz (F.E.Kroup, arr. V.Poliakin)
"Poliaphone" Orchestra (?)OdessaPoliaphone-Record (red)
P.-R.5030
(5030)
Russian
Ruthenian potpourri, Part I ( (I )), medley
Poliaphone Company own OrchestraPoliaphone-Record (black)
P.-R.5031
(5031)
Russian
Ruthenian potpourri, Part II ( (II )), medley
Poliaphone Company own OrchestraPoliaphone-Record (black)
5039
French, GermanOrchestra
La Bella Lolita, waltz (Léon Vasseur, arr. Camillo Morena)
Poliaphone Company own OrchestraPoliaphone-Record (red)
5040
Russian
Waltz () (Opera Faust) (Charles Gounod, lyrics by Jules Barbier, Michel Carre, based on: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: The tragedy Faust)
OrchestraPoliaphone-Record (three angels)
5041
Russian
Waltz () (Opera The Geisha) (Sydney Jones)
OrchestraPoliaphone-Record (three angels)
P.R.5063
(5063)
Russian, German
Grandpa () (Klarinettenmuckel), polka
Poliaphone Company own Orchestra ?BerlinPoliaphone-Record (red)[8338]
P.-R.5067
(5067)
Russian
Glowworm Idyll (Glühwürmchen-Idyll) ( "" (Glühwürmchen-Idyll)), ballroom dance (Operetta Lysistrata) (Paul Lincke, lyrics by Heinrich Bolten-Baeckers)
Poliaphone Company own OrchestraPoliaphone-Record (red)
P.-R. 5075
(5075)
Russian
Queen Draga ( ), waltz (M.Gugel (?))
"Poliaphone" Orchestra (?)Poliaphone-Record (red)
P.-R. 5076
(5076)
Russian
Kaporsky Waltz ( ) (Greenberg)
"Poliaphone" Orchestra (?)Poliaphone-Record (red)
P.-R.5125
(5125)
RussianOrchestra
Pompadour (), dance
OrchestraPoliaphone-Record (red)
P.-R.5126
(5126)
RussianOrchestra
Hungarian Dance ()
OrchestraPoliaphone-Record (red)
P.-R. 5173
(5173)
RussianOrchestra
Hello to the Comrades ( ), march (Michael Naigauz)
"Poliaphone" OrchestraPoliaphone-Record (red)
P.-R. 5175
(5175)
RussianOrchestra
Nadezhda (The Hope) (), waltz (R.I.Naigauz)
"Poliaphone" OrchestraPoliaphone-Record (red)
P.-R. 5185
(5185)
RussianBrass Band
The days of our life ( ), march (Leo Isaacovich Chernetzky)
"Poliaphone" OrchestraPoliaphone-Record (red)
P.-R. 5186
(5186)
RussianBrass Band
Oj-Ra! Oj-Ra! (-! -!), polka
"Poliaphone" OrchestraPoliaphone-Record (red)
P-R 5580
(5580)
RussianOrchestra
Peasant polka ( ) (I.B.Poliakin)
Poliaphone Company own OrchestraPoliaphone-Record (red)
P-R 5581
(5581)
RussianOrchestra
Godmother Helena ( ), polka (arr. I.B.Poliakin)
Poliaphone Company own OrchestraPoliaphone-Record (red)
P.-R.5634
(5634)
PolishHarmony Orchestra
Krakowiak, folk dance (Radermacher)
Harmony Orchestra of V.S. Varshavsky, Conductor Vasily VarshavskyPoliaphone-Record (pink), Stella Record12609
P.-R.5635
(5635)
RussianHarmony Orchestra
Village Trepak ( ), folk dance
Harmony Orchestra of V.S. Varshavsky, Conductor Vasily VarshavskyPoliaphone-Record (pink)
P.-R. 5638
(5638)
RussianOrchestra
Seven-Fourty (-), dance (arr. A.B.V.)
Orchesta "Stella"Poliaphone-Record (red), Stella Record12746
P.-R. 5639
(5639)
Russian, JewishOrchestra
Milashka - Moldovan Girl ( - ), dance (Subbota, arr. A.B.V.)
Orchesta "Stella"Poliaphone-Record (red), Stella Record12782
P.-R. 5704
(5704)
RussianComic
Comic questions ( ), comic scene
Bim-Bom (Ivan Radunsky & M.Stanevsky)Poliaphone-Record (pink), Stella Record12592
P.-R. 5705
(5705)
RussianComic Scene
A comic scene ( )
Bim-Bom (Ivan Radunsky & M. Stanevsky), acc. guitar, mandolinPoliaphone-Record (pink), Stella Record12587
P.-R. 5039
(6809)
Russianbrass band
Margaret (La Bella Lolita) (), waltz (C.Morena)
"Poliaphone" OrchestraPoliaphone-Record (red)
11130
RussianOrchestra
God Save the Tsar ( ), anthem (Alexey F. Lvov, lyrics by Vasily Zhukovsky)
OrchestraPoliaphone-Record (red)
P.-R. 5479
(12417)
RussianSolo with Chor
Ukhar the merchant ( ), folk song
Russian Folk Choir of V. Varshavsky, Conductor Vasily S. VarshavskyPoliaphone-Record (pink)
P-R. 14058
(14058)
Russian, ItalianSoprano with orchestra
Prayer ( ) (Vissi darte) (Opera La Tosca, act 2) (Giacomo Puccini)
?, acc. orchestraPoliaphone-Record (orange)
P-R. 14059
(14059)
Russian, FrenchSoprano with orchestra
Une dame noble et sage ( ) (Opera Les Huguenots, act 1) (Giacomo Meyerbeer, lyrics by Eugène Scribe, Émile Deschamps)
?, acc. " " (orchestra)Poliaphone-Record (orange)[12212]
P.R. 14064
(14064)
RussianBaritone with Piano
Tomskys Ballad - Once in Versailles (Three cards) ( - ( )) (Opera Queen of Spades, act 1) (Pyotr Tchaikovsky, lyrics by Modest Tchaikovsky, based on: Alexander Pushkin: The story The Queen of Spades)
Alexander Bragin, acc. pianoPoliaphone-Record (pink)
P.R.84504
(84504)
French
Viens Poupoule (Femails Only), polka (Adolph Spalm)
Poliaphone Company own Orchestra ?Odessa ?Poliaphone-Record (red)
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